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  #1  
Alt 11.09.2019, 09:26
els els ist offline
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Hello,

May I ask for your help?

Max Marcus was born on 30-01-1886 in Filehne, Wielkopolskie, Poland, son of Jakob Marcus and Minna Philipp. Max died on 09-04-1943 in Sobibor, Poland.

(1) Max married Rosa Blum on 11-09-1913 in Berlin, Germany (Heiraten, StA Berlin VII, 1913). Rosa was born on 17-02-1887 in Berlin, Germany, daughter of Albert Blum and Mathilde Israel. Rosa died on 10-01-1922 in Berlin, Germany.
(2) Max married Selma Neumann. Selma was born on 13-12-1890 in Filehne, Wielkopolskie, Poland, daughter of Siegmund Neumann and Paulina Cohn. Selma died on 09-04-1943 in Sobibor, Poland.

Max Marcus came on november 1934 to Oisterwijk, the Netherlands and moved on 27-04-1935 to Tilburg, the Netherlands. His occupation in Tilburg was fabrikant (manufacturer), gramaphoonfabrikant is mentioned in Nieuwe Tilburgsche Courant, 10-05-1935.
Selma Neumann and daughter Gisela (born on 03-10-1914 in Pankow, Berlin, Germany to Max and Rosa) came on 02-05-1935 to Tilburg, the Netherlands.

Max Marcus and family in Berlin:
1913 Gaudystr 15, Betriebsleiter (manager)
1922 Pankow, Brennerstr. 7. (Rosa Blum Ww)


1914 manager of "Sprechende Uhr AG", a company based on inventions by Bernhard Hiller.
1914 Pankow, Tirolerstrasse 42. Start of the "Tempophon" company.
1920 Tempophon-Gesellschaft m.b.H., Berlin und Max Marcus, Berlin-Pankow, Brennerstraße 7, Zuführungsvorrichtung für Lederfalzmaschinen
1931 Im Handelsregister eingetragen wurde die Firma Tempophon Max Marcus, Inhaber: Max Marcus, Kaufmann in Berlin, Frankfurter Allee 221. Fabrikationsgeschäft und Vertrieb von Sprechmaschinen und Weckeruhren
1935 „Tempophon", Max Marcus, Berlin O 27, Schicklerstr. 5



I like to know the next.

When came Max Marcus to Berlin? And stayed he before in other places?
X Who were the parents of Rosa Blum?
X When and where did Rosa Blum died?
When and where did Max Marcus and Selma Neumann get married?
Was Selma Neumann married before?
Where there more children of Max Marcus? What happened to them? And did they stay in Germany or did they also go to other countries?
On which address(es) lived Max Marcus in Berlin (or other places) and what was his occupation(s)?
X How is Max Marcus, Jakob Marcus and Minna Phillip written on certificates in Germany?

Sorry, for the lot of questions. Your help would be highly appreciated.


Jakob Marcus married Minna Philipp.
Children of Jakob and Minna:
Julius Marcus, born on 16-01-1884 in Filehne, Wielkopolskie, Poland
Max Marcus, born on 30-01-1886 in Filehne, Wielkopolskie, Poland.


Albert Blum was born in 1850 in Berlin, Germany. Albert died in 1919 in Berlin, Germany
(1) Albert married Mathilde Israel. Mathilde was born in 1853 in Magdeburg, Germany, daughter of Eduard Israel and Johanne Grünbaum. Mathilde died on 04-08-1894 in Magdeburg, Germany.
(2) Albert married Rosalie Baron in Berlin, Germany. Rosalie was born in 1853 in Kyritz. Rosalie died on 05-01-1922 in Berlin, Germany.

Siegmund Neumann was born on 09-07-1860, son of Gutkind Neumann and Mine Wollstein. Siegmund died on 15-06-1915 in Berlin-Lankwitz, Germany.
(1) Siegmund married Pauline Cohn on 08-01-1886 in Grünfier. Pauline was born on 01-04-1861, daughter of Joseph Cohn and Johanna Jacobsohn.
(2) Siegmund married Flora Lesser.

Gaudystraße 15, Prenzlauer Berg. Datum der Bennenug 22. Aug. 1903.
Tirolerstrasse 42, Panow. Datum der Bennenug um 1910. Die Bebauung entlang dieser Straße erfolgt erst in den 1920er Jahren. Die Straße ist namensgebend für das ,Tiroler Viertel’.
Brennerstraße 7, Panow. Datum der Bennenug um 1911
Frankfurter Allee 221, Lichtenberg. Datum der Bennenug 20.September.1872
Schicklerstr. 5, Mitte. Das Geschäftshaus wurde 1910 errichtet.

Kind regards,
Els
The Netherlands

Geändert von els (Heute um 09:40 Uhr)
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  #2  
Alt 11.09.2019, 10:11
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jacq jacq ist offline männlich
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Hello Els,

welcome!

Zitat:
Who were the parents of Rosa Blum?

Accoring to the marriage with Max (Heiraten, StA Berlin VII, 1913) = Ancestry

Albert Blum, Rentier, wohnhaft in Berlin
Mathilde geb. Israel, verstorben in Magdeburg

According to her death certificate: (Sterberegister, StA Magdeburg, 1894) = Ancestry
Mathilde Blum geb. Israel died 04.08.1894 in Magdeburg
Her parents were Eduard Israel, "Schächter", who died in "Koppenhagen" and Johanne geb. Grünbaum, who died in Magdeburg.


Zitat:
On which address(es) lived Max Marcus in Berlin (or other places) and what was his occupation(s)?

When he married Rosa Blum, he was "Betriebsleiter"

Here he is mentioned as "Fabrikant":
https://collections.arolsen-archives...s_lastName=asc

For his adress(es) in Berlin you can check the "Adressbücher" here:
https://digital.zlb.de/viewer/cms/141/
__________________
Viele Grüße,
jacq

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  #3  
Alt 11.09.2019, 10:13
Kasstor Kasstor ist offline männlich
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Who were the parents of Rosa Blum? Rentier Albert Wolf Blum( 1850 Berlin - 1919 Berlin) and Mathilde geb Israel, ( 1853 Magdeburg - 1894 Magdeburg) Albert 2nd marr. in Berlin Rosalie Baron ( 1853 Kyritz - ?)
When and where did Rosa Blum died? Did Max and Rosa divorce?
When and where did Max Marcus and Selma Neumann get married?
Was Selma Neumann married before?
Where there more children of Max Marcus? And did they stay in Germany or did they also go to other countries?
On which address(es) lived Max Marcus in Berlin (or other places) and what was his occupation(s)? 1913 Gaudystr. 15, Betriebsleiter ( manager )
How is Max Marcus, Jakob Marcus and Minna Phillip written on certificates in Germany? 1913: Max Marcus, Jakob Marcus, Minna Philipp



Thomas
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FN Pein (Quickborn vor 1830), FN Hinsch (Poppenbüttel, Schenefeld), FN Holle (Hamburg, Lüchow?), FN Ludwig/Niesel (Frankenstein/Habelschwerdt) FN Tönnies (Meelva bei Karuse-Estland, später Hamburg), FN Lindloff (Altona, Lüneburg, Uelzen)

Geändert von Kasstor (11.09.2019 um 10:16 Uhr)
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  #4  
Alt 11.09.2019, 10:21
els els ist offline
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Sorry, I forgot to mention that Max Marcus' occupation in Tilburg was fabrikant.

Thank you very much! Vielen Dank!
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  #5  
Alt 11.09.2019, 10:48
els els ist offline
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Zitat:
Zitat von jacq Beitrag anzeigen
...Her parents were Eduard Israel, "Schächter", who died in "Koppenhagen" and Johanne geb. Grünbaum, who died in Magdeburg...
Is there a place Koppenhagen in Germany? Or is this Kopenhagen?
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  #6  
Alt 11.09.2019, 11:22
els els ist offline
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Perhaps Max Marcus had a business of his own in Berlin.

Via http://www2.hu-berlin.de/djgb/www/find

Tempophon Max Marcus
Grammophon- und Weckuhrenfabrik (Maschinen und Fahrzeuge, technische Artikel)
Gegründet 1931 , Liq.: 1936
Frankfurter Allee 221 (Lichtenberg)

Max Marcus & Co
Bank (Banken und Versicherungen)
Gegründet 1900 , Liq.: 1939
Jägerstrasse 15 (Mitte)

Max Marcus Nachf.
Bank (Banken und Versicherungen)
Gegründet 1936 , Liq.: 1937
Behrenstrasse 21/22 (Mitte)

Max Marcus & Söhne
Herren-Stroh und -Filzhüte(Textil und Bekleidung)
Gegründet 1903 , Liq.: 1938
Andreasstrasse 48 (Mitte)


=== Tempophon ===
The Tempophon Company (GmbH) had been founded in Berlin, Germany in April 1914. Terpophon is the brand.
Max Marcus of the Tempophon Company had several other patents throughout the 1920s, all relating to phonographs. A "Tempophon" Company still existed in 1933, now producing portable phonographs.
http://forum.talkingmachine.info/vie...24169&start=10

In the Berliner Adressbücher with search on ‘Tempophon’: the first hit in 1916 and the last hit in 1937.
https://digital.zlb.de/viewer/searchadvanced/-/%28%28SUPERDEFAULT%3Atempophon+OR+SUPERFULLTEXT%3A tempophon+OR+DEFAULT%3Atempophon+OR+FULLTEXT%3Atem pophon+OR+NORMDATATERMS%3Atempophon+OR+UGCTERMS%3A tempophon+OR+OVERVIEWPAGE_DESCRIPTION%3Atempophon+ OR+OVERVIEWPAGE_PUBLICATIONTEXT%3Atempophon%29%29/1/SORT_YEARPUBLISH/-/


Advertisement of Tempophon in Dutch paper in 1930.
https://www.delpher.nl/nl/kranten/results?query=Tempophon&coll=ddd

Patent for a Design For List Finder And Clock was invented by Max Marcus and filed on June 24, 1938. It was issued on October 4, 1938 by the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
https://www.frameapatent.com/office-...nt-p-4375.html

Geändert von els (15.09.2019 um 16:51 Uhr)
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  #7  
Alt 11.09.2019, 17:10
lex lex ist offline
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Hello Els,

How are you related to the family of Rosa Blum?
She died in 1922 from tuberculosis.

Greetings,
Lex
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  #8  
Alt 11.09.2019, 17:19
els els ist offline
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Zitat:
Zitat von lex Beitrag anzeigen
Hello Els,

How are you related to the family of Rosa Blum?
She died in 1922 from tuberculosis.

Greetings,
Lex
Hello Lex,

Thank you very much!

Tuberculosis or TBC in Dutch is not nice.

I am not related, but in september this year Tilburg was librated 75 years ago.

With kind greetings,
Els
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  #9  
Alt 11.09.2019, 23:43
els els ist offline
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Some history.

Posen - A Jewish minority lived in the cities, even a majority here and there. These Jews - initially a tenth part of the entire population - were under Prussia's Germanization policies added to the Germans by the government statistics and, after their legal equalization in 1833 joined the German-speaking cultural world. In the later 19th century and early 20th century many of them left - of the initially 80,000 left only 10,000 - to other parts of Germany, especially Berlin, and the Rhein- und Ruhrgebiet or to America, where they had to build-up in new live. Ethnic Poles faced discrimination and forced Germanization. Special legislation was passed against the ethnic Polish and numerous oppressive measures, i.e. confiscation of Polish-owned property, civil service jobs were closed except at the lowest levels, were implemented to eradicate the Polish community's identity and culture.
Because of the Treaty of Versailles, on January 18, 1920, the center of the river Netze formed the border between Germany and Poland and divided Filehne in two parts. The majority of Lutheran Germans and Jews in the Polish Netze district left for Germany and other countries in the next decade because their rights were withdrawn and their property rights were confiscated.
Some of the emigrants, like Jews took the boat from the Netherlands to America and some stayed in or emigrated to the Netherlands for a better life.
Filehne (Wieleń) has a train station on the Prussian Eastern Railway, which ran from Berlin via Königsberg to Eydtkuhnen on the border with the Russian Empire.

Berlin - Berlin became the capital of the newly united Germany in 1871. Its population grown from 835,000 to two million on the eve of World War One. The growth had brought ambition. Berlin before WW1 was a dynamo of innovation and technological advance. Industry sucked in immigrants. Economic grievances and to widen the franchise brought workers out on strike at the beginning of the 20th century.

WW1 - The large mass of German Jews longed for recognition and acceptance. The Jewish hope for full integration was reinforced by the Kaiser's speech on 4 August 1914. He stated that different beliefs or parties no longer mattered, there was now one united German people. It was difficult for Jews to resist the urge to prove that they were as good if not better Germans than their compatriots. The war hysteria was especially strong in the big cities. An important factor for German Jews was that the war was directed against Russia, the despotic country with an anti-Semitic regime and many pogroms. At the end of 1916, eighty percent of the Jewish soldiers were in the front lines. As soon as the war went bad, Jews were blamed and made a scapegoat. By the end of 1916, most Jewish war enthusiasts had changed their minds. After the defeat of WW1 Jews were blamed for it, they had inflicted a "stab in the back" on Germany. Jews were now seen as part of a worldwide Bolshevik conspiracy.

The German reparations had their share in the inflation in Germany, because more money was pressed than economically justified. Even in the toughest years of the Weimar Republic, the German reparations were not a serious obstacle to economic reconstruction after the lost war. The reparations were used for agitation against the Weimar Republic, resulting in political and economic instability.

While a large part of the population continued to struggle with high unemployment and deprivations in the aftermath of World War I, the upper class of society, and a growing middle class, gradually rediscovered prosperity and turned Berlin into a cosmopolitan city. The roaring twenties were also the years of the hyperinflation in Germany, especially between 1921 and 1924. From the years of the boom, through the period of depression and inflation from 1929, and ending with the seizure of power by the Nazis. Around 1932 is the zenith of Jewish life and culture in Germany, particularly in Berlin. In many aspects, Jews had never lived better and prospered more than then.

In 1933 Hitler was appointed chancellor and persecution of the Jews became an official Nazi policy. In 1935 and 1936, the pace of antisemitic persecution increased. In 1935 the Nuremberg Laws were published. Jews were no longer citizens, but were still considered subjects of the German Reich. In 1936, Jews were banned from all professional jobs, effectively preventing them from participating in education, politics, higher education and industry.

When the Nazis came to power in 1933 many Jews escape into exile, typically at the cost of leaving all wealth behind. Although Jews could easily leave Germany initially, it was difficult to find countries that would take them, particularly after accepting the initial wave of immigrants in Europe, Britain, and the United States. One of the reasons that emigration was so difficult was that it began during the Great Depression. About 140,000 Jews left Germany between 1933 and 1937, many more fleeing after the November pogrom in 1938 (Kristallnacht). After Kristallnacht the Nazis continued to force the Jews to go abroad, but only after they had robbed them of all their possessions. Those who wanted to cross the border were not allowed to take more than ten marks.

In 1933 about 170,000 Jews live in Berlin, making up approx. 4% of the city's general population and about a third of Germany's Jewish population. When WW2 begins in 1939 most Berlin Jews have escaped. About 60,000 still remain in the city. Officially, Jews still can leave, if they manage to find a country that would accept them. Very few manage to do that.

Between 1933 and 1937 around 25,000 to 30,000 Jewish refugees came from Germany to the Netherlands, sometimes for a shorter period. Most Jewish refugees came from Germany. The vast majority had German nationality, the rest had Polish nationality or were stateless. A small proportion of the Jewish refugees came from Austria or other countries. From 1934 the Netherlands send some Jews back, especially Polish and stateless refugees. In the beginning more well to do Jews came, but later also the bereaved and poor.
In addition to Jews, about 7,000 other German (political) refugees came also to the Netherlands in the decade before the outbreak of the Second World War. Between 1920 and 1940 around 30,000 foreign women came to the Netherlands to work as maidservants. The large majority came from Germany, a small part from Austria, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. Some married and stayed in the Netherlands. Beside economic hard times also fear for more communism that could come with the refugees played a role in Dutch government.

The Jewish refugees were not liked in the Netherlands. Their further emigration was from the outset the goal of the Dutch government. Also the Jewish aid organizations, which took care of the new arrivals, joined this policy. In particular, concerns about their own labor market, hardly hit by the global economic crisis, led to increasingly restrictive refugee policies, which culminated in a temporary closure of borders in early 1938. Under pressure from the public, a further 7,000 people were admitted after the November pogrom in 1938, most of them in newly-built refugee camps. One of these was the in 1939 build Central Refugee camp Westerbork, which became in 1942 a ‘Durchgangslager’.

The 'Drang nach Osten', to make a new 'Lebensraum' for German people, did Nazi Germany invade Poland on September 1th, 1939. Russia invaded Eastern Poland on September 17th, 1939. Poland was divided according the previously agreed Molotov-Ribbentrop pact.
The Netherlands hoped for neutrality like in WW1. When the German Wehrmacht invaded the Netherlands on May 10th, 1940, there were around 15,000 German Jews in the Netherlands.

Geändert von els (Gestern um 11:47 Uhr)
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  #10  
Alt 12.09.2019, 08:08
russenmaedchen russenmaedchen ist offline
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Hello els
I found this in a newspaper
Berliner Tageblatt / 13 Jan 1922/ Page 10 Statt Jeder besonderen Meldung. Am 10. Januar verschied nach langem, in Geduld ertragenem Leiden meine lnnlgstgeliebte Frau, unsere gute Mutter, Schwester, Nichte. Schwägerin und Tante, Frau Rosa Marcus geh. Blum im 35. Lebensjahre. Im tiefsten Schmerze namens aller Hinterbliebenen Max Marcus
Gisela Marcus als Tochter.
Pankow, Brennerstr. 7.
Beerdigung: Sonntag, den lS.Januar,
11 Uhr, Weissensee, Neue Halle.
Kondolenzbesuche dankend verbeten.
__________________
Viele Grüße
russenmädchen




Geändert von russenmaedchen (12.09.2019 um 08:13 Uhr)
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max marcus , rosa blum , selma neumann

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